COPD and risk of PE

Chest published an article regarding risk of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease and pulmonary embolism. There are different reported risk from 3% to 30%. In this study, prevalence of pulmonary embolism in unexplained acute exacerbation of COPD reported as high as 16%. We should be worry about PE in patients with unexplained acute exacerbation of COPD who have pleuritic chest pain and signs of cardiac failure without clear infectious origin.


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Large Vessel Occlusion Stroke (LVOS) is  an indication for activating stroke team. IR will be on board and this is level IA recommendation from 2015 AHA/ASA Guideline. The Field Assessment Stroke Triage for Emergency Destination (FAST-ED) extracted from NIHSS. LVOS were defined by total occlusions involving the intracranial ICA, MCA-M1, MCA-2, or basilar arteries. FAST-ED scoring system is based on NIHSS and has reliable accuracy to predict LVOS. FAST-ED will help to activate your stroke team from field and EMS will give you a score to determine this patient needs IR involvement as well as stroke team at bedside.

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