Ketorolac, How much is enough?

A randomized double-blind study published in Annals of emergency medicine showed that Ketorolac in doses of 10, 15, or 30 mg intravenously has no differences in terms of analgesic effect at 30 minutes. This study did not go over 2 hrs and does not give us any information regarding prolonging pain medication, but for acute onset pain treatment, if there is no contraindication, ketorolac with a dose of 10 mg sounds sufficient!

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HAP and VAP not HCAP!

The new guideline by IDSA published’ Management of Adults With Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: 2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society.” There are some answered questions that previously we were practicing based on them.

  1. I. Should Patients With Suspected VAP Be Treated Based on the Results of Invasive Sampling (ie, Bronchoscopy, Blind Bronchial Sampling) With Quantitative Culture Results, Noninvasive Sampling (ie, Endotracheal Aspiration) With Quantitative Culture Results, or Noninvasive Sampling With Semiquantitative Culture Results?

1. We suggest noninvasive sampling with semiquantitative cultures to diagnose VAP, rather than invasive sampling with quantitative cultures and rather than noninvasive sampling with quantitative cultures (weak recommendation, low-quality evidence).

 

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