Here are my sources:
I started with this paper which was I originally heard on EM Abstracts (Jan 2011):
Brahm NC, Yeager LL, Fox MD, Farmer KC, Palmer TA.
Commonly prescribed medications and potential false-positive urine drug screens.
Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2010 Aug 15;67(16):1344-50.
Special thanks to Jon Cole from Hennepin who made this fantastic video.
Other sources include:
UMHS Guidelines for Clinical Care May 2009
Standridge JB, Adams SM, Zotos AP.
Urine drug screening: a valuable office procedure.
Am Fam Physician. 2010 Mar 1;81(5):635-40.
Reisfield GM, Haddad J, Wilson GR, Johannsen LM, Voorhees KL, Chronister CW, Goldberger BA, Peele JD, Bertholf RL.
Failure of amoxicillin to produce false-positive urine screens for cocaine metabolite.
J Anal Toxicol. 2008 May;32(4):315-8.
Ly BT, Thornton SL, Buono C, Stone JA, Wu AH.
False-positive urine phencyclidine immunoassay screen result caused by interference by tramadol and its metabolites.
Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Jun;59(6):545-7.
Swift RM, Griffiths W, Cammera P.
False positive urine drug screens from quinine in tonic water.
Addict Behav. 1989;14(2):213-5.
Added lamotragine -> PCP
Geraci MJ, Peele J, McCoy SL, Elias B. Phencyclidine false positive induced by lamotrigine (Lamictal®) on a rapid urine toxicology screen. Int J Emerg Med. 2010 Dec; 3(4): 327–331.
Added a few more -> PCP
Phencyclidine (PCP) Test Systems Executive Summary. Chemistry and Toxicology Devices. FDA
2013 Apr 25, Link.
Not exactly op notes, but some ED limericks I wrote:@MDaware @TirathPatelMD @Skepticscalpel @krchhabra In my previous life I was an "op note writer." I tried to write limericks— Saurabh Jha (@RogueRad) December 30, 2015
Mr. Jones ate some bad guacamole
press on his belly, he shouts "holy moley!"
we did a CT
and what could it be?
then he went for a lap'r'scopic chole
Mrs. Smith was awoke from her nappy
her belly was feeling quite snappy
white count? twasn't high
a fever? tad shy…
but the CT, of course, showed an appy
there once was a man from Bologna
thought he had caught a touch of pneumonia
he seemed like whiner
and he got a d dimer
no PE; just some bad allodynia
Of course the cake goes to:
A number of Very Smart People (including Rob Huang, Minh Le Cong, Chris Nickson, and Reuben Strayer) have all pointed out that Cochrane is supposed to summarize the data, not editorialize:
@DocBrent @HumanFact0rz @CochraneAnaesth cochrane shud stay away from clinical interpretation - just crunch the data, let clinicians decide— Chris Nickson (@precordialthump) November 4, 2015
Ultimately, this isn't that big deal. Hyperkalemia is bad, but rare. But if we can avoid it without worsening time to onset or intubating conditions, why not?
Special thanks to Minh Le Cong & Reuben Strayer for their prepublication peer review.
Also from Twitter::
Discussion of data is always welcomed - especially if there's moderate or low quality of evidence!👍😀 #FOAMed #FOAMcc https://t.co/me4EwmvYmM— Cochrane Anaesthesia (@CochraneAnaesth) November 4, 2015
RT yelled at me for touching vent once, I 1 apologized 2 was really nice 3 gave my card 4 never heard about it again https://t.co/zcV9z74jzz— Seth Trueger (@MDaware) October 25, 2015
1 do what's right for the patient 2 be nice to everyone 3 deal with the consequences, which ideally 4 there won't be https://t.co/52UCa6iKC1— Seth Trueger (@MDaware) October 25, 2015