PulmCrit- Reengineering the analgesic ladder for critically ill patients

We all want to alleviate pain and suffering. Most critically ill patients are treated with opioids for this reason. Unfortunately, opioids have numerous side-effects including delirium, constipation, vomiting, and delayed extubation. Opioid infusions may eventually lead to withdrawal, causing pain, nausea, and depression. This post explores the optimal use of systemic medications to control pain while minimizing complications.

EMCrit by Josh Farkas.