Definition Pathophysiology Causes Presentation Management Investigations Disposition Definition Multisystem severe hypersensitivity reaction of sudden onset (or rapidly progressive). Requires at least 1 of the following 3 criteria: Acute onset of mucocutaneous signs AND 1 of the following: respiratory compromise (wheezing-bronchospasm, … Continue reading

Ankle & Foot Fractures

Anatomy Features Radiology Classification Weber A = Supination Adduction (Lauge Hansen) Weber B = Supination Exorotation (Lauge Hansen) Weber C = Pronation Exorotation (Lauge Hansen) Pronation Abduction (Lauge Hansen). Management Complications Example X-rays Foot Fractures Talar fractures Calcaneal fractures Metatarsal … Continue reading

Ankle Exam

Prepare patient General Principles of Joint Exam Look General inspection Specific Feel Move Talar (ankle) joint Subtalar joint Midtarsal joint MTPJs IPJs Function Prepare patient Introduction Position with knees to toes exposed General Principles of Joint Exam Check if any … Continue reading


Overview Toxic mechanism Toxicokinetics Clinical features Investigations Risk assessment Management Resus & Supportive Care Decontamination Enhanced Elimination Antidote Disposition Notes Overview Uncommon but potentially fatal. Often chronic. Inorganic toxicity more common. Greater with tri- rather than penta-valent arsenic. Therapeutic use … Continue reading


Definition Conduction system Arrhythmia Mechanisms Causes Principles of management Management Options Vaughan-Williams Classification of antiarrhythmics Brugada Syndrome (See ECG Article for more details) Bradyarrhythmias Definitions Types General Management Disposition Tachyarrhythmias Types Definition Deviation from regular sinus rhythm of 60–100bpm. May … Continue reading