In this EM Cases episode on Pediatric Procedural Sedation with Dr. Amy Drendel, a world leader in pediatric pain management and procedural sedation research, we discuss how best to manage pain and anxiety in three situations in the ED: the child with a painful fracture, the child who requires imaging in the radiology department and the child who requires a lumbar puncture. Without a solid understanding and knowledge of the various options available to you for high quality procedural sedation, you inevitably get left with a screaming suffering child, upset and angry parents and endless frustration doe you. It can make or break an ED shift. With finesse and expertise, Dr. Drendel answers such questions as: What are the risk factors for a failed Pediatric Procedural Sedation? Why is IV Ketamine preferred over IM Ketamine? In what situations is Nitrous Oxide an ideal sedative? How long does a child need to be observed in the ED after Procedural Sedation? Do children need to have fasted before procedural sedation? What is the anxiolytic of choice for children requiring a CT scan? and many more...
I was always a bit of a nerd when it comes to gadgets. Now, while working as a prehospital emergency doctor, I often ask my colleagues the question: “What do you carry?”.
Since there are so many great gadgets, I try to not to stuff too much stuff in my pockets, while having in mind the great talk “always carry your scalpel” and being prepared for “worst case” scenarios.
So – what do I carry? Here it is:
High visibility clothing by reverse.
Jacket content: Left Pocket:
High power flashlight (Nitecore P20)
A few gloves
Here’s some food for thought. Read through the scenario below, as well as the questions under it. I’m interested in some comments from prehospital providers, physicians and nurses in the ED on what you would do in this situation.
Scenario: Paramedics call ahead to activate your trauma team for a young male who was ejected from his car during a motor vehicle crash. He was quickly extricated and was found to be in pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest. IVs were inserted and the Lucas automated CPR device was attached. The patient is immobilized and will arrive at your hospital in 5 minutes.
You assemble your trauma team and are patiently awaiting when the medics arrive. The patient / Lucas / backboard are rapidly transferred over to the ED stretcher and mechanical CPR continues. At that point, you are overwhelmed by the odor of gasoline, and you note that the patient’s clothing is saturated with liquid.
What would you do?
Here are my questions for you:
Do you move the patient or keep him in your trauma bay?
What if your decontamination area is a short/moderate/longer distance from your ED?
What if this situation involved a farmer in arrest who smelled strongly of pesticide? Any different?
Or someone covered with mysterious white powder?
How do you balance patient survival and team safety?
What kind of performance improvement activities will be needed with regard to the team? The prehospital providers?