Just when you thought your brain could unwind on a Friday, you realise that it would rather be challenged with some good old fashioned medical trivia…introducing Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 114
What is the smirnoff reflex?
- Sterno-brachial reflex
- No it’s not a cocktail trick, it is a blow to the sternum with a reflex hammer which results in adduction of the arm.
- The reflex is a partial manifestation of Chodzko’s reflex, a multi-reflex phenomenon where a blow to the sternum with a reflex hammer results in contraction of various muscles of the arm either bilateral or unilateral. This is assumed to be a sign of hyper irritability. [Reference]
What did Captain Cook use to treat Scurvy
- Sauerkraut, malt vinegar and boiled fruit concentrate
- Cook never carried fresh limes or lemons.
- The sauerkraut and a concentrated fruit mixture was boiled and therefore lost most of its vitamin C.
- It was 20 years after Cook’s death that the British sailors had lemon juice as standard supply [Reference]
How fast do you have to walk to avoid the grim reaper
- More than 5km/hr
- The Grim Reapers preferred walking speed is 0.82m/s (3km/hr) and his maximum speed is likely just below 1.36 m/s (5km/hr).
- This was established in a Sydney research project of ageing men.
- 1705 men aged 70 and over were followed for nearly 60 months. They observed that older men who walked faster were able to avoid death… [Reference]
What is connection between Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton and ‘Poppers?’
- Amyl Nitrate
- Lauder Brunton examined the use of amyl nitrate in the treatment of angina pectoris along with many other agents published in his 1875 thesis the “Experimental investigation of the action of medicines“.
- Poppers is a slang term given to alkyl nitrites which may be inhaled for recreational purposes, especially in preparation for sex. The most common agent used is amyl nitrate.
Why is Boyle’s law relevant to the aeromedical retrieval physician.
- Boyles Law describes the relationship between pressure and volume in a closed system if the temperature is kept constant.
- Why is this important?
- Because a tiny pneumothorax can be converted to a massive tension pneumothorax at cabin altitude because the cabin pressure decreases and the volume of the pneumothorax increases as the aircraft climbs to cruise altitude.
- Aircraft pressurisation offsets this to some degree, but the average commercial jet flying at 30,000 feet still has a cabin pressure equivalent to 6,000-8,000 feet above seal level. [Reference]
…and in other news
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